Is there any Field ID to use with the APIs



I am a big fan of Airtable I love working with it.
Now I’am working on an integration of air table with a site i am developing, So I use a lot of API.
The problem is that to push a new record I need to send a json with a filed name and value, but my team some times needs to change the field name ! and this will generate an error every time I call the API!
Is there any Field ID I can use to avoid this ?

Thank you