Sadly, Airtable has neglected the calendar view (as well as many other areas) of their product. What you see is what you get. Even their .ics subscription feeds only deliver the 2 fields that you see on the screen.
You may want to post your comments as a feature request in the #show-and-tell:product-suggestions category.
Unfortunately, you only have a couple of options here, and they require you using EXTERNAL apps that are outside of Airtable.
In my opinion, the #1 best option is to pay extra for this extension from MiniExtensions, which lets you create an .ics subscription link to send your data from Airtable to an external calendar client (such as Outlook or BusyCal) — and it lets you send up to 8 different fields. Note that I wouldn’t recommend sending to Google Calendar, since Google Calendar only refreshes subscriptions once per day.
MiniExtensions is on a mission to fix every glaring hole in Airtable’s feature set. As you can see from the excellent tools on the MiniExtensions website, there are a TON of things that are missing from Airtable, and MiniExtensions keeps adding new tools every week.
You could also use an external automation platform like Integromat to synchronize information between Airtable and an external calendar platform like Google Calendar. However, this could get very tricky to manage the synchronizing — depending on your workflow, you might need to create automations for: (1) creating events in Airtable, (2) editing events in Airtable, (3) deleting events in Airtable, (4) creating events in Google Calendar, (5) editing events in Google Calendar, (6) deleting events in Google Calendar.