Unfortunately, Airtable has zero customizability when it comes to the look & feel of the different views. This is one of the bigger drawbacks of using Airtable. You can’t even color cells in Airtable. Your screenshot above is the most that you can do with colors in grid view (outside of adding a single vertical color stripe to the left of each row).
There are 5 views in Airtable (grid, calendar, kanban, gallery, form), and what you see is what you get. You can’t change anything at all about their look & feel. You can’t even change something as simple as font size or text wrapping, which is why text gets cut off throughout the system in calendars, kanban views, gallery views, linked record fields, column headers, etc.
You may be able to get very limited customizability from a few of the Airtable blocks, but most of those are dashboard-type summaries that you wouldn’t want to be doing data entry from.
Sorry for the bad news. Think of Airtable as a simple spreadsheet program combined with a simple database program. It’s the combination of these 2 simple tools that make people fall in love with Airtable. People love that they can be up & running with Airtable in a matter of minutes, and they love that they can interact with their data in many different ways — but it lacks the deeper customizability that you’re looking for.
This isn’t exactly what you’re looking for, but Stacker has developed different front-ends to Airtable with more security features than Airtable. And Pory.io has done something similar (although Pory is simply for viewing your data, not editing your data). Although even with those tools, you still won’t get much flexibility in user interface.
Airtable does have an API, so you can use external apps to interact with your underlying Airtable data. And Airtable is supported by Integromat and Zapier, so you can automate Airtable talking to other apps — such as Monday.com.
So, if you wanted to use Airtable for your backend data but use Monday.com as your frontend interface, your best bet would be to automate something with Integromat — which can send data back & forth between the two platforms.