Airtable does not support field validations, but you could create a formula field that displays some sort of an error message if someone types in the wrong year. The error message could even be a simple emoji symbol like :no_entry_sign: .
If you use this method for validating numbers in a form, I recommend also making the single-select field required and removing all of the options, as I described in my post here.
However, it isn’t clear if the original poster is ask for field validation in a form or in a regular grid view. When entering a year in a regular grid view, Scott is correct that the only option is to have a error warning, either in a formula field, a record color, or both. (I like to use a formula field to use text to explain the warning combined with a record color based on the presence of text in the formula field.)