It is not possible to include a script button in a native Airtable form.
If you have a pro workspace, you can run a script once a user submits a form by using a scripting automation. However, a script cannot send a user to a dashboard. An automation can email a user with a url.
If you have a pro workspace, a native Airtable form can redirect to a specific url after a user submits a form. However, the redirect url must be hard coded and the ability to use information that the user submitted in the form in the url is extremely limited.