Yes. However, all of the processing to convert the JSON result to HTML would need to occur in the server (or client) outside the context of the API. The API will let you get the data out of Airtable, what you do with the data once you have it is up to you and your coding abilities.
The entire process is a lot to learn for someone completely new to development. Work on just a little bit at a time. If you have more than 100 records or want only some records, simply getting the data can take some work.
If you want to work on converting the JSON result to HTML, you can learn a lot by using the scripting API. They are not identical, but a lot of knowledge gained from one API transfers to the other API.