Yes, you can use Integromat to monitor for edits that are made to contacts in Microsoft 365 People, and then apply those changes to Airtable. (You can do this with other automation platforms as well, but Integromat is my personal favorite.)
Similarly, if you make a change to a contact in Airtable, you can send those changes back to Microsoft 365 People:
p.s. I am a professional Airtable consultant and a Registered Integromat Partner, and the Integromat link contains my personal referral code. If you have a budget for your project and you’d like to hire an expert consultant to help you with this integration, please feel free to contact me through my website at ScottWorld.com.