Unfortunately, Airtable doesn’t offer this very important & much needed feature. I would highly recommend that you suggest it as a feature request in the #show-and-tell:product-suggestions category.
The only way to do this is by using external tools.
One option is build an external form with a form-building website (such as Gravity Forms, TypeForm, FormStack, etc.), and then you would submit your entries into Airtable using Integromat or Zapier. Integromat is cheaper & more powerful than Zapier, so that’s my personal preference. But Zapier is fine, too, for these purposes.
Another option is to use this great tool from MiniExtensions — they’ve actually created a ton of different form tools for Airtable, and this is just one of them. This one does exactly what you need: