Welcome to the Airtable community!
Writing a script in Airtable when you are new to both is going to be very challenging. The script you describe does not sound like a beginner project to me.
If you have a coding background, just not Airtable scripting specifically, I recommend starting with the scripting documentation.
If you just want working code, consider hiring someone to write the script for you.
On the other hand, there might be ways to accomplish your goal without a script. For example, you could use a timeline or calendar view that shows the days each piece of artwork is out. (Displaying artwork that is available on a particular day would be much more complex and probably require a script.)